Mining Industry Profile | Department of EnergyThe U.S. mining industry consists of the search for, extraction, beneficiation, and processing of naturally occurring solid minerals from the earth. These mined minerals include coal, metals such as iron, copper, or zinc, and industrial minerals such as potash, line, and other crushed rocks. Oil and natural gas extraction.coal mining industry profile from first research,Coal Mining and Processing - Industry Analysis, Trends, Statistics .Coal Mining .firstresearch. First Research profiles cover key aspects of an industry's size, scope, and operations, and include a five-year revenue growth forecast. Profile contents include: Industry overview; Recent developments; Critical issues and challenges; Business trends and opportunities; Executive.